1) A (Cal.) sues B (Cal.) under 42 USC 1983 (civil rights action) for illegal search and seizure. Suit is brought in California state court in San Francisco. May B successfully remove to the N.D. Cal.?

2) A (Cal.) sues B (NY) and C (Cal) for battery in state court in Richmond VA. Can B and C remove to the E.D. Va.? Can B remove the action against him alone?

3) A (Cal.) sues B (NY) and C (NJ) for battery in state court in Richmond VA. A is suing for B for more  $100,000 in damages but C for only $5000. Is removal to the E.D. Va. possible?

4) A (Cal.) sues Officer B (Cal.) in California state court in San Francisco in connection with an arrest. A has two causes of action against B: violation of federal civil rights and state law battery. May B remove to the N.D. Cal.?

5) A (Nev.) sues B (Cal.) and C (Oreg.) in California state court in San Francisco for battery. A asks for $80,000 each from B and C. May the case be successfully removed by B and C to the N.D. Cal?

6) A (Nev.) sues B (Cal.) and C (Oreg.) in Nevada state court for battery. A asks for $80k each from B and C. B wants to remove but C refuses. May the case be successfully removed to the D. Nev.?

7) Officer A (Cal.) sues B (Cal.) in California state court in San Francisco for battery in connection with A's arrest of B. B counterclaims against A for violation of federal civil rights law. May A remove? Does Mottley answer this case?

8) P (Mass.) sues Officer D (Mass.) in Mass. state court for violation of federal civil rights law. P has process server (not a sheriff) serve D by leaving the summons and complaint at D's house in Mass. with a person of suitable age and discretion residing therein. D removes the action to the D. Mass. and makes motion to dismiss for insufficiency of service. What result?

9) P (Mass.) sues D (NY) in Mass. state court under state law battery. D removes and then makes a motion to dismiss for lack of PJ. Permissible?